Gingival recession, or receding gums, is the exposure of the teeth’s roots because of the loss of tissue or the retraction of the gingival margin from the crown of the teeth. It is a common problem in adults over 40, but it can also strike at younger ages. Gingival recession may be accompanied by recession of the alveolar bone.
Pockets or gaps form between the teeth and the gum line when gingivitis recession occurs. If not properly treated, the bone structure of the teeth and the supporting tissues may be severely damaged, resulting in tooth loss.
Gingival recession is one of the most common dental problems. Typically, people don’t know that their gums are receding because it happens so gradually. Tooth sensitivity is the first sign of gingival recession. People may also notice that their teeth look longer than normal when their gums are receding because more of the tooth is exposed.
Gingival recession should not be ignored. If you are a Davis County resident and suspect that your gums might be receding, make an appointment with your periodontist in Farmington who can assess your gum health.
Here are a few of the reasons gums may recede:
- Periodontal diseases – These bacterial infections gradually destroy your gum tissues and the supporting bone that anchors your teeth in place. Gum disease is the primary cause of gingival recession.
- Genetics – Your genes may make you highly susceptible to gum disease, which can result in gingival recession. Predisposition to gum disease is prevalent in about a third of the population.
- Aggressive tooth brushing – Exerting too much pressure when you brush can damage the enamel of your teeth and cause the gums to recede.
- Insufficient dental care – Bacteria will thrive in your mouth if you do not get proper dental care. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss at least once a day, and rinse your mouth with antibacterial mouthwash. These practices will prevent plaque from developing into tartar or calculus. Once tartar has formed between the teeth, it can only be removed through professional dental cleaning.
Proper oral hygiene will go a long way in preventing gingival recession and the eventual loss of teeth.