Diabetes is a metabolic disease. People with diabetes have high blood sugar levels because their bodies do not produce enough insulin or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin—or both.
Diabetes can affect the eyes, nerves, heart, kidneys and other organs in the body. Blood sugar, or glucose, is a person’s main source of energy. If the blood sugar is always elevated but does not reach the cells, it remains in the bloodstream. Over time, the high levels of blood sugar in the bloodstream can result in many health problems. It is even linked to a higher risk of periodontal disease. While diabetes has no known cure, it can be effectively managed.
Periodontal diseases are infections that affect the gums and the bones that hold the teeth in place. Periodontal diseases could advance in stages, resulting in painful chewing problems and eventual tooth loss. The relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease is a two-way street. On one hand, people with periodontal diseases find it hard to control their blood sugar levels. On the other hand, diabetics who have a problem controlling their sugar levels are more prone to gum diseases that lead to tooth loss. Even children with type 1 diabetes are at a higher risk of periodontal complications if their blood sugar levels are not controlled.