Periodontal disease refers to a range of diseases involving the tissues and bone that surround the teeth. The film of bacteria around the teeth, which is formed when a person neglects oral hygiene, typically causes periodontal diseases.
The field of periodontal medicine focuses on how periodontal diseases affect overall health. The association between periodontal maladies and other diseases has been clearly established. For example, there is a clear relationship between periodontal and cardiovascular diseases.
A periodontist is a dental health provider who completed advanced studies relating to the gums, connective tissues and bone that support the teeth. These specialists are prepared to deal with diseases that affect this part of the anatomy. They often have special expertise with dental implant systems to replace missing teeth.
Many people are not aware that they have periodontal diseases. Their teeth may appear fine to the untrained eye, even as their periodontal attachment is weakening. Symptoms of periodontal disease are hard to spot. The earliest symptoms include slight bleeding when a person brushes or flosses their teeth. Bad breath and redness and inflammation of the edges of the gum could also be early indicators. As the periodontal diseases advance, people will notice loose or moving teeth, abscesses and eventual tooth loss.
Before treatment, a periodontist must give a proper diagnosis. This can be obtained through a comprehensive periodontal evaluation.
If you suspect periodontal disease, consult a family dentist who is trained to treat early forms of the illness. If problems advance, your family dentist may refer you to a periodontist. If you want a second opinion on your family dentist’s early diagnosis, you can always consult a periodontist directly. A periodontist in Layton can get you the treatment you need in an office convenient to your home.